Health Check

Basic check for dog owners.

With a dog you do not immediately see from the outside whether something is wrong.

Still, there are signs that a dog has something to do with it. We are happy to tell you more about this on this page.

We will also mention things about taking care of your buddy.


Checking the ears is very important because dogs are more likely to get ear infections. That's because of the ear shape. (Long-eared dogs in particular are at higher risk). there loopt a drawerng tube from the opening inwards. This tube ends horizontally. This shape helps to prevent injuries, but earwax and other dirt easily remains, which can cause infections. A healthy ear is odorless, smooth and has a greasy shine. The inside should have pale pink skin and hair. If there is a foul smell coming from the ear, there may be an infection. A bright pink or red skin or a black, yellow-green or bloody substance is an infection. A dark, waxy buildup probably means the ear just needs a good cleaning.

But not only does dirt have to accumulate in dog ears, there is also a chance that parasites such as ear mites or ticks can find the ear. Ear mites are so small you can't see them, but if they develop grainy, reddish-brown scabs, it could be caused by mites. Even if you can't find anything on the ear, but the dog is itching a lot, has difficulty keeping its head upright or is dizzy, you should go to the vet as soon as possible.

Clean ear canal, not red, no scabs. light gloss layer with a little earwax.
Clear, clean and shiny eye. third eyelid clearly visible.


If you want to get a good look into the dog's eyes, you should push the ears back a bit. The eyes should be clear, clean and shiny. The pupils should be the same size, and the tissue under the eyelids should be pink or black with pigment. Red eyes or eyes with pus in them are inflamed. Tears can also be an indication of inflammation, although round-eyed breeds such as the pugs and Pekingese produce a lot of tear fluid to keep the eyeballs moist. If one eye is red, there may be something under one of the three eyelids. The third eyelid can be seen as a ridge at the bottom of the eye. However, most people never see it – until it gets dirty once in a while. Then the third eyelid becomes red, watery and swollen and the dog may need antibiotics.

As the dog gets older, its eyes will change. Some changes are normal, some are not. It is normal for the eyes to develop a blue haze as the dog ages. This is because more and more dead cells are accumulating in the center of the eye, but the dog can still see normally. If the blue is mixed with silver flakes or a milky haze, the dog could have cataracts. This is a hardening of the lens of the eye. A bluish eye that is bloodshot or painful may indicate green cataracts. This is a serious condition that can make a dog blind if not treated promptly.

cracked, dry nose with loss of pigment.


Contrary to what is often said, a dog's nose does not say much about the health of the dog. If the nose feels cold or warm, it does not necessarily indicate a disease. 

However, the nose should be moist and not dry or cracked. There should also be no discharge or loss of pigment.

Yet this is a factor that is often breed dependent! 

Find out what suits your breed.

black, moist "healthy" nose.
healthy teeth, small amount of tartar on the molar (P4)


A dog is not supposed to smell bad and have dirty teeth. The teeth should be clean and the gums pink, sometimes with black pigment present. Bad breath and red gums are the first signs of dental problems. By regularly taking a look in your dog's mouth, you can tackle any problems in time. It is recommended to brush the dog's teeth regularly. Once a week should be sufficient.

There are also plenty of chewing products available that prevent plaque.

Control blood circulation:

Good blood circulation ensures that the gums remain beautiful pink. press with index finger into the gum above the canine. When you stop pressing, the light spot on the gums should disappear within two seconds. If it takes longer, your dog may be experiencing circulatory problems.

healthy teeth with incipient plaque deposition at the canine c1.

Skin and fur.

Coat and skin are excellent indicators of your dog's health. The skin is dry, supple, odorless and not too greasy. There should be no dandruff or flakes on it. The coat is shiny, with no bald or thin spots. Spread the hair with your fingers in several places and look at the skin. Pay special attention to problem areas such as neck, abdomen, armpits, groin, above and below the tail and around the anus. Make sure that the hair around the anus is clean, not clumped and free of parasites. If remnants of feces are left behind, parasites such as maggots can settle there.

Is your dog suddenly itchy? but if you don't find any fleas… think further, there could be more to it. There are so many more causes for itching.


An easy way to check if your dog is not too thin or too fat is to look and feel the rib cage. 

The ribs should not be visible in a normal position, but should be palpable. 

If you can't feel the ribs, there is an "too large" layer of fat over it and your dog is too fat. 

If you can see the ribs, then there is a "too thin" layer of fat, then your dog is too skinny.

If you find this difficult, ask for help from an expert (veterinarian, breeder, breed expert) who will be happy to explain and show you this.


The easiest way to check is to look at your dog's stools! With a normal diet and food that suits your dog well… the poop is “NORMAL”.

He is not diarrhea-like (too thin), but certainly not too hard, too dry or droppings.

Soft but firm!

Should this suddenly change, this can be a clear (and often first) indication that your dog is up to something.